The gambling legalization in the US is a complicated subject. Apart from sports betting that falls under the specific federal law, it is a matter differently regulated in each state. For the same reason, the historical development of industry and gambling as a global phenomenon had a different turn in all 50 states. Once, it was considered inappropriate and socially unacceptable. Today, it is possible to find casinos, horse racing, lotteries and bingo all over the USA; however, keep in mind all the existing prohibitions.
State Laws Define the Term of Gambling
A total of 48 US states allow some form of live and online gambling. Almost all states allow it, except Hawaii and Utah. Poker, blackjack, roulette, slots, or video poker are some of the American favorite casino games. Playing lotto or bingo is an enjoyable activity for millions, and horse racing has a unique tradition in this country. Still, some laws could be banning them.
Although it seems that the business operates smoothly, it is necessary to regulate activities and define questionable gambling legislation.
Nevada was the first US state to legalize gambling in 1933. Another state that introduced the industry into legal waters was New Jersey. The opening of Resort International in Atlantic City followed, as well as the legislation in South Dakota in 1989.
Commercial and Native American Casinos
In 1989, Native tribes signed a sovereignty agreement with the federal government of the United States. This contract grants them the sovereign right to build and operate casinos. Throughout the 1990s, almost all states along the Mississippi River coast, except Tennessee, began to build native casinos. Nowadays, there are 474 Indian casinos in 28 of the 50 US states.
On the other hand, commercial casinos are the property of giant companies, such as those in Las Vegas.
For the last two decades, the Internet welcomed all the favorite games like roulette, blackjack, poker, or card games. Online gambling became equally popular as its live version, and it also falls under the state’s jurisdiction.
Some states, like Washington, Montana, Oregon, Louisiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin prohibit online bets, while New Jersey and Delaware are the only two that legalized online poker. Nevada permits online poker and mobile sports bets, while the online lottery and horse racing are mostly legal activities in the USA.
Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA)
PASPA is a particular federal law that prohibits sports betting since 1992. The only four states that were excepted from this bill were Nevada, Oregon, Delaware, and Montana. They are not obligated by the federal law due to already included sports bets into the state legislation before the ban.
Although things seem to be moving forward, the question remains — When will sports betting be legalized at the federal level?
The Future of Gambling in the US
Different states have different points of view. While some support further legalization of gambling, many would like to entirely eradicate it. Both sides have powerful and strong currents that have always clashed, and it is difficult to find a solution on the federal level. Every state will create and interpret the law that suits it.
Those who are passionate about trying their luck will always find the way to Las Vegas. However, be sure to keep up with proper knowledge of what is lawful and what is not in which state.